QUICK SIMULATION OF THE LOAD ON A DISTRIBUTION GRID
Delocalized electricity generators, usually consisting of renewable energy sources, are becoming more and more common. In order to reasonably estimate the load of the grid, the electric network is simulated with an appropriate model including the all energy sources and users. Such a simulation can become particullary difficult, given the increasing number of the delocalized renovable energy sources, in particular with relation to their temporal fluctuation. Normally the many different possible senarios are estimated through a Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS). Given the complexity of the problem and the high number of variables a MCS can be unfeasable in an acceptable time frame.
For the design of the grid it is not necessary to consider the full commulative density function, but it is usually enough to consider the 5%, 50% and 95%-quantiles. Based on the Common Rank Approximation (CRA) the problem is solved as follows:
- The possible senarios are simulated through a simplified model;
- The 5%, 50% and 95%-quantiles are identified;
- Exact results are calculated running the correct model only for the relevant quantiles.
According to this method, the time needed for a simulation is drastically reduced. Despite the approximation, the obtained results are highly accurate.
The invention can be implemented in a software dedicated to the design of distribution grids. The mathematical model is extremely flexible and can be applied to the design of small and big distribution grids as well.
The model has been tested for different scenarios, leading in any of the analysed cases to reliable results and always showing drastically reduced computational time.
(1) IEEE PES Conference and Exposition, Dallas 978-1-5090-2157-4/16 (2016)
(2) EP 3 203 392 A1; WO 2017/134045