Magnetic Rotating Halbach Gearbox
Physical Sciences, Maschinenbau
- Rotating Halbach gearbox
- Fully incapsulated mechanic-magnetic-hybrid gearbox
- Magnetic self-stabilized rotor/axle
Magnetic gearboxes are common alternatives to their mechanical equivalents in certain technical applications. Wherever the use of lubricants is limited (e.g. in the food or pharmaceutical industries) or corrosive environments require encapsulation of mechanical gears (e.g. drills or stirrers and pumps in the chemical industry), magnetic gears are widely used. However, magnetic gears have some disadvantages. The proposed “Halbach Gearbox” addresses the problem of low torque density and poor power ratio at higher speeds (due to ferromagnetic losses) of existing magnetic gears.
The new gearbox is based on the idea of integrating permanent magnets into the planetary gears of a planetary gearbox in such a way that the individual permanent magnets rotate in a fixed angular relationship to each other. The arrangement of the magnets in case of the “Halbach Gearbox” demonstrator corresponds to a k=1 configuration of a circular Halbach array1. Typical for such a Halbach configuration are very strong magnetic field gradients. These enable the magnetic bearing of an output shaft in the center of the planetary gear. In addition, the gradients rotate by rotation of the planetary gear, so that an output shaft, which is driven by the strong gradient fields, also rotates and high torque can be transmitted (without a mechanical sun gear).
- High torque gearbox for pumps, stirrers, power tools, transportation, etc...
- Fully encapsulated construction possible.
- Contactless, low wear power transmission.
- Inherent overload protection trough mechanical separation of input and output side.
- All Parts 3D-printable (no high precision required).